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Saturday, May 5, 2012



6.1     Scope of work

Furnish all labour, material and equipment for the complete building of brick and concrete block work as shown on the drawings, as specified herein and as evidently necessary to complete the work.

6.2     Submittals

Before starting the work the contractor shall submit the following to the Engineer and receive his written approval.

6.2.1 Manufacturer and sample blocks

Before precasting concrete block, the name and official address of the concrete block manufacturer,  if  the contractor intends to use a sub, contractor, sample block and sources of cement and aggregate making up the concrete block shall be submitted to the Engineer for his written approval.


Test required and as specified here in after    shall be executed by the contractor and test results shall be submitted to the Engineer for his written approval.

6.3 Materials

6.3.1     Masonry brick

Brick shall be locally available products conforming to D.S. 3921 or equivalent and be hard,  well  baked  and  shall  have  a  uniform  and  sufficient  compressive  strength appropriate            to the use. The shape of the bricks shall be rectangular. Brick used in foundation shall be misakhraj brick or equivalent.

6.3.2 Concrete blocks

All concrete blocks shall conform to ASTM C129, B.S 2028 or equivalent unless otherwise specified as follows:

a.    Concrete block shall be manufactured in accordance with the specification stated herein,

b.    block shall be manufactured of Portland cement and locally available aggregate by mixing and compacting using an electric machine,

c.    block shall be reasonably uniform in compressive strength and in all dimensions and shall be straight and free from cracks, chips or other defects.

Specification of the materials shall be in accordance with section ( 4_2), " Concrete work "

6.3.3 Joint mortar materials

a. cement

cement shall be specified in section 4_2_1 ( concrete work)

b. Sand

Sand shall be clean sharp,   coarse, well _ graded and shall conform to ASTM C-144 ( Aggregate for Mrrary jortar ) or B»S. 1200 ( Building sand from Natural aourcec)

c.    additive

water proofing additive shall conform to B.S 3826 or equivalent, other admixtures, such as a type which reduces early water loss from the masonry units and produces an expansion action in the  plastic grout sufficient to off_set initial shrinkage and promote bonding of the grout , may be used when approved by the Engineer.

6. 4  Workmanship

6.4.1 The contractor shall provide a masonry foreman who is thoroughly experience, competent and skilled in masonry construction .

The foremen shall personally supervise the mixing and placing of all mortar. Masonry reinforcing and  anchoring must be done in strict accordance with the drawing and specifications.

6.4.2 Scaffolding and Equipment

The contractor shall furnish, erect and maintain as long as necessary and remove when  no  longer  required,  safe  and  adequate  scaffolding  and  other  equipment required for the proper execution of the work. All equipment for the mixing, transpo- rtation and handling of mortar shall be clean and kept clear of set mortar, dirt or other foreign matter. Etoffaluiag or other objects shall not bump or rub against masonry.

6.4.3 Mixing of joint  Mortar

a. Standard proportion of mortar mix for the joint of bricks and blocks shall be: cement to sand = 1:3, or as directed by the Engineer, sulphate resisting cement shall be used in mortars below damp proof course

b. Mixing

i. Mix mortar by mechanical mixer or by hand on a clean level board.

ii. mix thoroughly so that all individual constituents are incorporated evenly but do not over-mix mortars containing plasticizers.

iii. Keep mixer clean at all times.

iv. Use mortar with in one hours of discharge from mixer at normal taaporturo . In no case chalj nortor be used after the initial set has taken place. Reconstitution of mortar will not permitted.

6.4.4       Laying units

All work shall be laid true to dimensions and be plumb, square in bond and properly anchored with vertical and horizontal straight  joints that are in line,  plumb, horizantal and true . Brick laying for protective chin for waterproofing memberane shall be laid in running bond with standard 2_3mm joints horizontally and vertically. All surfaces of waterproof memberane to receive briek laying shall  be throughly domed masnory mortar shall be spead over the cntir surface of joints.  laying out of the bricks shall be arranged so that vertical joint are staggered Salf bricks or other shapes shall be used where  required,  All  hollow  block  shall  be  laid  cells  vertical  and  with  full  nortar coverage on all top and side faces,  horizontally and vertically.  Cells of hollow blocks to be grouted with concrete or nortar are those carrying the horizontal and vertical reinforcement and also abutting cells, with or  without reinforcing,                                     cells of hollow block forming the cider, of entrances and doorways and cantilevered fins of walls and those so indicated on the drawings or so required by the Engineer.

In Icying concrete solid blocks,      pounding of comers and   jambs after units liave been set in position shall be avoided, where an adjustment must be made after the mortar lias startde to cat, the mortar shall be removed and replaced with fresh mortar, colls  of  unfinished  ends  shall  not  exposed,  Bond  all  interesting  masonry  walls together  as  indicated  or  a  approved  by  the  Engineer,  When  necessary  to  out masonry units, preference must be given to the use of                                                              power oquipreiit . Cutting shall be kept to a minimum.

A protective covering of mortar shall be fornecl around the reinforcing bars at a minimum depth of 20 mm, laying for brick work shall be as shown on the drawings. when it in not specified on the drawings, the contractor shall follow the instruction of the Engineer.

6.4.5   Joints in brick and concrete block work.

Joints, both vertical and horizontal,    shall be 1 cm thick and not staggered. Nortar shall be flushed with the corrent tool where planter is to be applied.

Joints of masonry units which will be exposed or painted. form a concave joint section.

Joints which are not to bo visible in the finished work to be dtruck off with the trowel as the work proceeds.

joints on the oufaces of fair_faced work shall be finished to provide as mooth surface flush with the brick and or block

face or a keyed joint of approved profile aa the work proceeded

All hole in corposed rjasomy shall be repaired, and the walls pointed. Defective joints shall be trowelled out and repointcd with nortar.

1 comment:

  1. A much needed guide for those who are new to the trade, masonry and roofing. A great start for rookies!

    -Adam Ahmed



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